316 Stainless Steel

Grade 316 is an austenitic grade second only to 304 in commercial importance. 316 stainless steel contains an addition of molybdenum that gives it improved corrosion resistance.

316 stainless steel

316 Stainless steel is second only to Type 304 in total global steel production.

Type 316 has almost the same physical and mechanical properties as 304 stainless steel and contains a similar material make-up. The difference being the addition of 2 to 3 percent molybdenum. This addition gives Type 316 corrosion resistance, particularly against chlorides and other industrial solvents.

We can supply Type 316 in sheets/plates. bars and angles. Get in touch with us for the best prices.

316 Stainless Steel Properties and Specifications

316 is an austenitic chromium-nickel stainless steel containing molybdenum to increase general corrosion resistance, resistance to pitting, and strength at elevated temperatures. It has properties similar to Type 304 except that Type 316 is somewhat stronger at elevated temperature and has better corrosion resistance

The following specifications are generally applicable to Type 316 :

Sheets and Plates

  • MIL-S-5059
  • ASTM A 167
  • ASTM A 240
  • QQ-S-76

Bars and Angles

  • MIL-S-7720
  • AMS 5648
  • QQ-S-763
  • ASTM A 276
  • ASTM A 479
  • Widely used in a variety of applications requiring superior corrosion resistance or good elevated temperature strength.
  • Applications include valve parts, pumps, tanks, evaporators and agitators, textile processing equipment, and a wide variety of parts exposed to marine atmospheres.
  • Type 316 L is used extensively for weldments where its immunity to carbide precipitation due to welding assures optimum corrosion resistance

316L Stainless Steel

  • Extra-low carbon version of Type 316 that eliminates harmful carbide precipitation due to welding

316 Stainless Steel Composition & Properties

Property

Type 316%

Type 316L%

Carbon

.08 max

.03 max

Manganese

2.00 max

2.00 max

Phosphorus

.045 max

.045 max

Sulfur

.030 max

.030 max

Silicon

1.00 max

1.00 max

Chromium

16.0 – 18.0

16.0 – 18.0

Nickel

10.0 – 14.0

10.0 – 14.0

Molybdenum

2.0 – 3.0

2.0 – 3.0

Mechanical Properties

Property

Type 316 Annealed

Type 316L%

Ultimate Tensile Strength, psi

85,000

75,000

.2% Yield Strength, psi

35,000

30,000

Elongation, % in 2?

50-60

50 – 55

Reduction of area, %

70

65

Rockwell Hardness

B80

B75

Endurance Limit, psi

38,000

NA

Izod Impact, ft-lbs

95 – 120

NA